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Published on:1, 2011
Pharmacognosy Journal, 2011; 3(19):7-12
Original Article | doi:10.5530/pj.2011.19.2

Comparative Pharmacognostic Evaluation of Three species of Swertia L. (Gentianaceae)

Authors and affiliation (s):

Deepa Bisht, Mansi Gupta, Sharad Srivastava, Bhaskar Datt1 and AKS Rawat*

*Pharmacognosy and Ethnopharmacology Division, National Botanical Research Institute (CSIR), Lucknow-226003 1Taxonomy Division, National Botanical Research Institute (CSIR), Lucknow-226003


Swertia spp. (Gentianaceae) commonly known as Chiraita in herbal drug markets of India is used to protect liver and a wide range of diseases. The official species Swertia chirayita (Roxb.) Karsten is known for its potent activity against malaria, liver-disorder, fever, diabetes and also as appetite stimulant. However, several other species of Swertia viz. S. alata (Royle ex D. Don) Clarke and S. paniculata Wall. are being used as substitutes /adulterants for S. chiraita in India, Japan, China, Pakistan and other Asian Countries. In the present communication a comparative botanical, phytochemical and qualitative analysis of biomarker Oleanolic acid in S. chirayita along with two allied species of Swertia has been done.

Keywords: Swertia; Pharmacognosy; Chiraita; Oleanolic acid; HPTLC


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