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Pharmacognosy Journal, 2011; 3(21):33-35
Original Article | doi:10.5530/pj.2011.21.6

Pharmacognostic and Phytochemical investigations of aerial parts of Acalypha indica Linn.


Authors and affiliation (s):

Takle V.V.*1, Savad R.V.1 KandalkarA.M.2, Akarte A.M.2, Patel A.M.3

1Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, K.L.E’s College of Pharmacy, Vidyanagar, Hubli-580031, Karnataka, India.

2Institute of Pharmaceutical Education, Boradi, Tal-Shirpur Dist. Dhule, 425428, Maharashtra, India.

3Sant Gajanan Maharaj Rural Pharmacy college, Mahagaon Tal- Gadhinglaj Dist. Kolhapur, 416503, Maharashtra, India.

Abstract:

In the present study, aerial parts of Acalypha indica Linn. belonging to family Euphorbiaceae was subjected to basic pharmcognostic examinations like morphological, and histological evaluations, Quantitative Microscopy including ash values, extractive values and preliminary phytochemical screening. The plant material after defatting with pet. Ether (60-80) extracted with ethanol and fractionated with chloroform, ethyl acetate and n-butanol. Qualitative chemical tests of various extracts and fractions revealed the presence of Alkaloids, Steroids, Flavonoids, Glycosides, Tannins, Carbohydrates, etc. These observations will enable to standardize the botanical identification of the drug in its crude form. Data obtained in this investigation can be used as standards of pharmacopoeial guidelines in inclusion of this drug studies of herbal monograph.

Key words: Acalypha indica, Pharmacognostic, morphological, histological, Phytochemical.

 

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