Home | Articles
Published on:6, 2011
Pharmacognosy Journal, 2011; 3(22):6-10
Review Article | doi:10.5530/pj.2011.22.2

Phytochemistry and Pharmacological Properties of Etlingera elatior: A Review

Authors and affiliation (s):

Eric W.C. Chan1,*, Y.Y. Lim2, S.K. Wong2

1Faculty of Applied Sciences, UCSI University, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

2School of Science, Monash University Sunway Campus, Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia


Etlingera elatior are large ginger plants growing in clumps. Rhizomes are stout, strongly aromatic and found just below ground level. Crushed leaves emit a pleasant sour fragrance which is distinctive of the species. Leaves are entirely green with young leaves sometimes flushed pink. Inflorescences, borne on erect stalks protruding from the ground, are large and attractive with showy bracts. Native to Malaysia and Indonesia, E. elatior is widely cultivated in Southeast Asia. The species is used as food, condiment, medicine, and ornament. The current knowledge on the phytochemistry of leaves, inflorescences, and rhizomes of E. elatior is reviewed. Some insights on the pharmacological properties of the species are discussed. They include antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, tyrosinase inhibition, cytotoxic, and hepatoprotective activities.

Key words: Etlingera elatior, phytochemistry, pharmacological properties, leaves, rhizomes, inflorescences


Articles in PDF, ePUB and Full text are attached to this page. In order to download, print or access these formats you must be logged in.


Article Links