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Published on:6, 2011
Pharmacognosy Journal, 2011; 3(22):44-47
Original Article | doi:10.5530/pj.2011.22.9

Analysis of Fatty Acid in Anisomeles Species by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

Authors and affiliation (s):

Ushir Yogesh*1, Patel Krishnakant2, Sheth Navin3

1Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Shree H. N. Shukla Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Rajkot-360001 (GS), India.

2Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Sal Institute of Pharmacy, Bhadaj, Ahmadabad-380060 (GS), India.

3Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Saurashtra University, Rajkot-360005 (GS), India


Seven fatty acids identified from the methanol extract of Anisomeles indica L., and Anisomeles malabarica L. R. Br. Ex Sims aerial parts. The extracted fatty acids were methyl-esterified and then analyzed by GC-MS. The chemical composition of the fixed oil from A. indica and A. malabarica were investigated together here for the first time. The relative contents of the fatty acids were calculated with Area normalization. Seven fatty acids amounting to 77.778% in A. indica and 68.027% in A. malabarica of the total contents detected. The major finded fatty acids in A. indica were Palmitic acid (23.334%), stearic acid (22.749%), lignoceric acid (21.54%) and, in A. malabarica, Palmitic acid (35.252%), stearic acid (21.43%). The results the content of fatty acids was abundant in Anisomeles species, and it had a great range of potential utilities and a prospect of development in foods medical and health cares.

Key words: fatty acid, Anisomeles indica, Anisomeles malabarica, chemical component, GC-MS analysis


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