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Published on:9, 2011
Pharmacognosy Journal, 2011; 3(25):6-17
Review Article | doi:10.5530/pj.2011.25.2

Medicinal Plant Diversity and their Pharmacological Aspects of Nepal Himalayas

Authors and affiliation (s):

Bhakta Prasad Gaire*1 and Lalita Subedi2

1Department of Herbology, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, South Korea.

2Department of Pharmaceutical Science, School of Health and Allied Sciences, Pokhara University, PO Box. 427, Kaski, Nepal


Background: The Himalayan range of Nepal is affluent with vast diversity of medicinal plants. Due to insufficient supplement of modern allopathic medicine and the traditional believe of ethnomedicinal therapy, still vast majority of Nepalese people are dependent on indigenous use of medicinal plant. Use of Nepalese Himalayan medicinal plants is not only limited to erogenous use of Nepal Himalaya but also regarded as chief ingredients in Eastern medicinal system including Ayurveda of Indian subcontinent, Traditional Chinese Medicine, Korean Oriental Medicine, etc. But due to the lack of efficient pharmacological investigation, Himalayan plant diversity is still limited to their ethnomedicinal uses. Vigorous pharmacological investigation is mandatory to explore their therapeutic potential. Conclusion: Here in this review; based on latest published pharmacological research articles, we tried to explore pharmacological aspects of major Himalayan medicinal plant of Nepal for the first time. There is the current need to investigate further pharmacological potency of these medicinal plants in order to explore their therapeutic potential.

Key words: Ethnomedicine, indigenous use, Himalayas.


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