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Published on:9, 2011
Pharmacognosy Journal, 2011; 3(25):44-47
Original Article | doi:10.5530/pj.2011.25.8

Preliminary Phytochemical Evaluation of Euphorbia Fusiformis Buch-Ham.

Authors and affiliation (s):

Ashok BK1*, Savitha D Bhat2, Shukla VJ3, Ravishankar B4

1*Research Assistant, Pharmacology laboratory, IPGT & RA, Dhanvantri Mandir, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar.

2Ph.D Scholar, Department of Dravyaguna. I.P.G.T. & R.A. 

3Head, Pharmaceutical Chemistry lab, I.P.G.T. & R.A.

4Director, SDM Research Centre for Ayurveda and Allied Sciences, Kuthpady, Udupi. Karnataka – 574118.


The present investigation was undertaken to analyze the physicochemical and chromatographic profile of dried tuberous roots of Euphorbia fusiformis. Physicochemical parameters like loss on drying, total ash value, acid insoluble ash, water insoluble ash, various extractive values, pH etc., were carried out. Further, qualitative tests for various functional groups like alkaloids, glycosides etc., were carried out in methanol and water extracts. The results of the preliminary phytochemical screening indicated the presence of carbohydrates, starch, flavanoids and steroids. Thin layer chromatography was carried out using different solvent systems which revealed two common spots indicating the presence of some common phyto-constituents. The parameters of present study can be used as a reference for further scientific investigations.

Key words: Euphorbia fusiformis, Euphorbiaceae, chromatography, total ash, caudicifolin.


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