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Pharmacognosy Journal, 2011; 3(26):49-53
Original Article | doi:10.5530/pj.2011.26.9

Pharmacognostic Evaluation of Cordia macleodii Hook. Stem Bark


Authors and affiliation (s):

Bhargav Bhide1, R.N. Acharya2, Pankaj Naria3, APG Pillai4, V.J.Shukla5

1,2Dept. of Dravyaguna, IPGT & RA, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar-361008, India.

3,5Pharmaceutical lab, IPGT & RA, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar -361008, India.

4Institute of medicinal plant sciences, IPGT & RA, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar-361008, India.

Abstract:

Cordia macleodii Hook. (Boraginaceae), known as Sikari/Phanki by the tribals of Orissa, is a plant of ethnomedicinal importance and is available in Gandhamardana hills ranges of Orissa. Stem bark of this plant is used for healing wounds and for treating jaundice. In this study, an attempt has been made to study pharmacognostical characters of the stem bark which includes its macroscopic and microscopic characters and preliminary phytochemistry including TLC and HPTLC. Bark shows microscopic characters like cork, cortex, medullary rays, sclerenchyma fibres, phloem, cambium and crystals. The phytochemical tests show presence of alkaloids, glycosides, tannins and HPTLC profile shows presence of 9 spots and 8 spots at 254 and 366 nm respectively.

Key words: Cordia macleodii, ethnomedicine, pharmacognosy, jaundice, wound healing, Gandhamardan hill.

 

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