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Pharmacognosy Journal, 2011; 3(26):70-76
Original Article | doi:10.5530/pj.2011.26.12

Pharmacognostic and Phytochemical Evaluation of Citrus aurantifolia (Christm) Swingle PEEL

Authors and affiliation (s):

Vinita Apraj1*, NirmlaDevi Thakur 2, Ashok Bhagwat3, Rashmi Mallya4, Laxman Sawant5, NancyPandita6

1,2School of Science, SVKM’s NMIMS, Vile-Parle (W), Mumbai 400056, India.

3C.B.Patel Research Centre, Vile-Parle (W), Mumbai 400056, India.

4Dr.Bhanuben Nanavati College of Pharmacy, Vile-Parle (W), Mumbai 400056, India.

5, 6School of Pharmacy & Technology Management, SVKM’s NMIMS, Vile Parle (W), Mumbai-400056, India.


Citrus aurantifolia (Christm) Swingle belongs to Family Rutaceae, is commonly known as Kagzi Nimbu or Acid lime. The peel is a leathery exocarp, or skin of the fruit containing numerous oil glands. Lime peel tea was traditionally used as an appetite stimulant, for cold and cough, for sore throat and as a digestive stimulant. It can also be use as an astringent for skin. Lime peel essential oil is use as an aroma and flavour enhancer. The present study deals with the pharmacognostic and preliminary phytochemical evaluation of Citrus aurantifolia (Christm) Swingle peel extract including macroscopic, microscopic characters, physiochemical evaluation and preliminary phytochemical study. Thin layer chromatography has also been performed. Microbial load of dried powder material was determined to avoid the contamination and for safety of crude drug. The present work will provide referential information for the correct identification and standardisation of the crude drug and will ensure the use of only genuine and uniform material in preparation of herbal formulation.

Key words: Citrus aurantifolia (Christm) Swingle, pharmacognosy studies, physicochemical analysis, TLC finger printing.


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