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Published on:11th Mar, 2012
Pharmacognosy Journal, 2012; 4(28):24-30
Original Article | doi:10.5530/pj.2012.28.5

Pharmacognostical Studies of Seeds on Some Plants Belonging Chhattisgarh

Authors and affiliation (s):

Sunil B. Bothara and Sudarshan Singh*

Principal, Shri GM BILAKHIA College of Pharmacy ROFEL, Vapi, Gujarat, India.

*Department of Pharmacy, NIMS University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India A b


Diospyros melonoxylon Roxb. belonging to family Ebenaceae, commonly known as Tendu in Hindi is a small tree with rather slender stem and smooth grey bark. Buchanania lanzan spreng. commonly known as Char in Hindi is a tree of 12-15 mt high, with straight trunk, belonging to family Anacardiaceae. Manilkara zapota (Linn.) P. Royen syn., belonging to family sapotaceae commonly known as Chiku in Hindi is a large, evergreen, forest tree more than 30 mt in height. These three plants are easily available in the forests of Chhattisgarh used in various diseases traditionaly. The pharmacognostical studies of these plants were done by evaluating its microscopical studies, phytochemical screening, flourescence analysis of extracts of the seeds with different reagents and presence of Elemental analysis such as CHNS and heavy metals. The microscopical studies revealed the specific characters in all three seeds, it has obsereved and identified. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of carbohydrates, proteins, fat and oils, present in extracts of all three seeds. Flourescence analysis of Extarcts of seeds shows diffrent colours with different reagents. The above pharmacognostical and preliminary phytochemical studies will be beneficial for proper identification and authentification of seeds of D. melonoxylon Roxb., B. lanzan spreng, M. zapota (Linn.) P. Royen syn.

Key words: Pharmacognostic study, Diospyros melonoxylon, Buchanania lanzan, Manilkara zapota


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