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Published on:31 Dec 2012
Pharmacognosy Journal, 2012; 4(34):18-21
Original Article | doi:10.5530/pj.2012.34.3

Phytochemical analysis and antioxidant activity of Mezzetia parviflora Becc. Woodbark extract


Authors and affiliation (s):

Mufidah Murdifin,1 Elly Wahyudin,2 Gatot S. Lawrence,3 Subehan,1 Marianti A. Manggau2 and Gemini Alam1

1Department of Pharmacognosy Phytochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia

2Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia

3Department of Anatomical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia

Abstract:

Context: The woodbark of Mezzetia parviflora Becc. (Annonaceae) used as traditional herbal remedies in Buton Regency, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia, which is traditionally used for tumor, asthma, cholesterol, and diabetes mellitus. The diseases have been linked to cellular damages due to free radical activity. Aims: The present study was aimed to examine the antioxidant activity of M. parviflora; furthermore to ascertain the physicochemical identity and major compound that responsible for extract’s quality and activity. Methods and Material: The ethanolic extract of M. parviflora and its partition results which are acetone extract and insoluble in acetone extract were studied for antioxidant activity on different in vitro models namely 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and nitric oxide (NO) method. Ascorbic acid was also evaluated for comparison. Thin layer chromatography and acid-buthanol assay were used to detect the presence of phenolic compounds. Results: All of the extracts were effectively scavenge the DPPH radical. The IC50 of insoluble in acetone extract, ethanolic extract, and acetone extract were 21.79, 30.22, 60.73, and 262.55 μg/ml, respectively. The insoluble in acetone extract show greater DPPH radical scavenging than ascorbic acid (IC50 30.22 μg/ml). Meanwhile, the extracts showed low scavenging activities on NO radical with IC50 of insoluble in acetone extract, and ethanolic extract were 229.09, and 316.23 μg/ml, respectively. The high percentage of phenolic condensed tannin in the insoluble in acetone extract i.e 26.46±0.315 μg/mg of extract (calculated as quebracho tannin) justify the potent antioxidant activity. Conclusions: Woodbark extracts of Mezzetia parviflora Becc. has potent antioxidant activity which is related to their condensed tannin content.

Keywords: Mezzetia parviflora Becc., condensed tannin, DPPH, nitric oxide.

 

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