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Published on:August
Pharmacognosy Journal, 2010; 2(11):374–380
Research Article | doi:10.1016/S0975-3575(10)80018-5

Pharmacognostic studies on Alangium salvifolium (linn.f.) wang. root bark


Authors and affiliation (s):

Saraswathy A1*, Meena AK1, Shakila R1, Sunil Kumar KN1, Ariyanathan S2

1Captain Srinivasa Murti Research Institute for Ayurveda and Siddha Drug Development (CCRAS), Anna Hospital Campus, Arumbakkam, Chennai-600 106, India.

2Centre for Advanced Research in Indian System of Medicine (CARISM), SASTRA University, Tanjore-613 402, India.

Abstract:

Root bark of Alangium salvifolium (Linn.f.) Wang. (Family Alangiaceae) is a reputed drug mentioned in the ancient books of Ayurveda and Siddha for the treatment of epilepsy, jaundice, hepatitis etc. Root bark of the plant was subjected to macro-microscopic, photomicrographic, physico-chemical, fluorescence, preliminary phytochemical, TLC and HPTLC to fix quality standards for this drug. Microscopic studies have shown stratified phellem, rhytidome, cluster crystals of calcium oxalate and uni- to triseriate medullary rays in the root bark. Chloroform, ethyl acetate, ethanol extracts and alkaloid fraction revealed characteristic chromatographic patterns with presence of alkaloids in varying concentrations. This study would be useful in the identification and authentication of the raw drug.

Key words: Alangiaceae, Alangium salvifolium, alkaloid fraction, HPTLC.

 

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