Pharmacognosy Journal, 2011; 3(21):84-88
Review Article | doi:10.5530/pj.2011.21.16
Coriandrum sativum: A Daily Use Spice with Great Medicinal Effect
Coriandrum sativum Linn. has been credited with many medicinal properties. The green leaves of coriander are known as “asotu” in the Eastern Anatolian region or “cilantro” in the United States and are consumed as fresh herb. The essential oil obtained from its fruits at amounts ranging from approximately 0.5 to 2.5% is used both in flavours and in the manufacture of perfumes and soaps. The plant is grown widely all over the world for seed, as a spice, or for essential oil production. It is one of the earliest spices used by mankind. It has been used as a flavouring agent in food products, perfumes and cosmetics. It is used for various purposes such as for flavouring sweets, beverages, tobacco products and baked goods and as a basic ingredient for curry powder. It has been used as an analgesic, carminative, digestive, anti‑rheumatic and antispasmodic agent.
Key words: Coriandrum sativum Linn, essential oil, flavouring agent.
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