Pharmacognosy Journal, 2012; 4(31):11-15
Original Article | doi:10.5530/pj.2012.31.3
Chemical examination of leaves of Cinnamomum malabatrum (Burm. f.) Blume sold as Tamalapatra
Introduction:Leaves of Cinnamomum tamala (Lauraceae) commonly known as bay leaf or tamalapatra is a highly reputed commodity in drug and spice trade. Its adulteration with other leaf species belonging to genus Cinnamomum is found to be a common practice. While macro-microscopy is of great help in establishing the botanical identity of such doubtful samples, physico-chemical parameters in combination with TLC fingerprints and phytochemical characterization is a valuable tool to establish chemical identity. Methods: Survey of south Indian crude drug markets was done to find if in place of C. tamala some other leaves of Cinnamomum species are sold. Fresh leaves of various Cinnamomum species, including C. tamala, growing in south India were collected and studied comparatively. Leaves sold in markets of S. India under the name of tamalapatra were collected and subjected for detailed physico-chemical, HPTLC and GC-MS analysis. Results: Leaves of C. malabatrum showed marked distinction in physico-chemical and volatile oil composition which will serve as markers to differentiate it from C. tamala; the official source of tamalapatra. Though physico-chemical constants will serve the purpose of standardization, volatile oil composition was found to be a diagnostic test for the differentiation of C. malabatrum from C. tamala. Conclusion: Chemical identity of C. malabatrum was established in comparison with the official drug. Further biological studies may be confirmative in designating it as a valid substitute or adulterant for C. tamala.
Keywords: bay leaf, GC-MS, HPTLC, tamalapatra.
Articles in PDF, ePUB and Full text are attached to this page. In order to download, print or access these formats you must be logged in.
Vancouver Style:AMA Style:CSE Style: