Warning: Table './phcogfir_phcogfs/dr_watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO dr_watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:63:\"/home/phcogfir/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1118;}', 3, '', 'https://phcogfirst.com/article/371', '', '3.236.118.225', 1621079756) in /home/phcogfir/public_html/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Table './phcogfir_phcogfs/dr_watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO dr_watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:109:\"Declaration of views_handler_field::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:83:\"/home/phcogfir/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_field.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:0;}', 3, '', 'https://phcogfirst.com/article/371', '', '3.236.118.225', 1621079757) in /home/phcogfir/public_html/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Table './phcogfir_phcogfs/dr_watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO dr_watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:136:\"Declaration of views_handler_argument::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:86:\"/home/phcogfir/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:0;}', 3, '', 'https://phcogfirst.com/article/371', '', '3.236.118.225', 1621079757) in /home/phcogfir/public_html/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Table './phcogfir_phcogfs/dr_watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO dr_watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:112:\"Declaration of views_handler_argument::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:86:\"/home/phcogfir/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:0;}', 3, '', 'https://phcogfirst.com/article/371', '', '3.236.118.225', 1621079757) in /home/phcogfir/public_html/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Table './phcogfir_phcogfs/dr_watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO dr_watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:134:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:84:\"/home/phcogfir/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:0;}', 3, '', 'https://phcogfirst.com/article/371', '', '3.236.118.225', 1621079757) in /home/phcogfir/public_html/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Table './phcogfir_phcogfs/dr_watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO dr_watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:110:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:84:\"/home/phcogfir/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:0;}', 3, '', 'https://phcogfirst.com/article/371', '', '3.236.118.225', 1621079757) in /home/phcogfir/public_html/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Table './phcogfir_phcogfs/dr_watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO dr_watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:127:\"Declaration of views_plugin_query::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:81:\"/home/phcogfir/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_query.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:0;}', 3, '', 'https://phcogfirst.com/article/371', '', '3.236.118.225', 1621079757) in /home/phcogfir/public_html/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Table './phcogfir_phcogfs/dr_watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO dr_watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:139:\"Declaration of views_plugin_argument_validate::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:93:\"/home/phcogfir/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_argument_validate.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:0;}', 3, '', 'https://phcogfirst.com/article/371', '', '3.236.118.225', 1621079757) in /home/phcogfir/public_html/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Table './phcogfir_phcogfs/dr_watchdog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired query: INSERT INTO dr_watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:130:\"Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:79:\"/home/phcogfir/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:0;}', 3, '', 'https://phcogfirst.com/article/371', '', '3.236.118.225', 1621079757) in /home/phcogfir/public_html/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135
Pharmacognostic and Phytochemical studies on Leptadenia reticulata (Retz.) wight & arn. and Ichnocarpus frutescens r. br. for identification of distinguishing biomarkers
Home | Articles
Published on:12/2010
Pharmacognosy Journal, 2011; 2(18):07-12
Research Article | doi:10.1016/S0975-3575(11)80019-2

Pharmacognostic and Phytochemical studies on Leptadenia reticulata (Retz.) wight & arn. and Ichnocarpus frutescens r. br. for identification of distinguishing biomarkers


Authors and affiliation (s):

Mammen D*, Daniel M2, Sane RT3

*Department of Chemistry, M.S. University of Baroda, Vadodara-390 002,

2Department of Botany, M.S. University of Baroda, Vadodara- 390 002,

3Guru Nanak Institute for Research and Development, G.N. Khalsa College, Matunga, Mumbai- 400 019.

Abstract:

Leptadenia reticulata (Retz.) W&A. or Jivanti, an important rasayana drug of India, is often confused with another twiner Ichnocarpus frutescens R. Br., to which it shares a number of morphological characters and thus the latter plant is often used to adulterate the former drug. Micromorphological, pharmacognostic, phytochemical and HPTLC fingerprint variations were identified to locate biomarkers distinguishing these two plants which would help in the correct identification of the plant, as well as to detect adulteration. The study of stomata in fresh plants showed stomata to be anisocytic in Leptadenia reticulata and paracytic in Ichnocarpus frutescens. Microscopic studies of the powders of both plants showed cuboidal calcium oxalate crystals, sclereids and starch grains in the former plant which were absent from the latter. Trichomes were multicellular and uniseriate in L. reticulata, but unicellular in I. frutesens. Leptadenia contained five flavones and a single glycoflavone whereas two flavonols were located in Ichnocarpus. Phenolic acid content also varied in both plants. Only I. frutescens contained propelargonidin. The HPTLC fingerprints of both the plants showed enough variation for identification of adulteration.

Key words: Leptadenia reticulata, Ichnocarpus frutescens, adulteration, pharmacognostic and phytochemical biomarkers.

 

Articles in PDF, ePUB and Full text are attached to this page. In order to download, print or access these formats you must be logged in.