Pharmacognosy Journal, 2010; 2(15):15-20
ORIGINAL ARTICLE | doi:Nill
Pharmacognostic Study and Establishment of Quality Parameters of Leaves of Ficus racemosa Linn.
Introduction: Ficus racemosa Linn. syn. Ficus glomerata Roxb. (Family – Moraceae) is found commonly in India. Recentpharmacological findings indicate that its leaves possess significant anti-diabetic, anti-ulcer, hepatoprotective, anti-diarrheal,analgesic, larvicidal, anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory activities, which comply with the claims made in the traditionalmedicinal texts. However, no conclusive pharmacognostic study of its leaves has been performed yet. Methods: The presentinvestigation deals with the qualitative and quantitative microscopic evaluation of the leaf material and establishment ofits quality parameters, including physicochemical and phytochemical evaluation. Results: Chief microscopic charactersinclude vascular bundles having patches of perimedullary phloem and sheath of calcium oxalate cluster crystals. Chiefcharacters of powder include hooked-top trichomes, calcium oxalate prisms, cluster crystals and xylem vessels withreticulate thickening. Various physicochemical parameters were also established. Phytochemical analysis showed thepresence of many important classes of phytoconstituents like alkaloids, cardiac glycosides, saponins, flavonoids, tannins and carbohydrates. Conclusion: Such a study would serve as a useful gauge in standardization of the leaf material, isolationof medicinally important phytoconstituents, performing pharmacological investigations and ensuring quality formulations.
Key words: Cluster fig, Ficus glomerata, Moraceae, Udumbar.
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